Remember how Prime Minister al-Maliki was deemed to be the real problem in Iraq? Remember how his replacement, al-Abadi, was going to be the solution to America’s problems in Iraq? Remember how the US-trained Iraqi Army was going to take over the fight to protect Iraq? Every one knows how that story turned out.
We have maintained that Iraq & Syria are merely one end of the Sunni jihad crescent with Afghanistan being the other end. As we wrote in our June 14, 2014 article Rinse & Repeat – Levant-i-Stan, what happens at one end usually is repeated at the other end. In that article, we described how the Afghanistan disaster was reborn in the Levant (Iraq-Syria). Today it is time to turn around and describe how the ISIL disaster in Iraq is being reborn in Afghanistan.
Remember the fall of Mosul? Remember how well-planned it was and how the Iraqi army, trained by America at great expense & with great effort, simply threw down its weapons and ran away. Now read what Vanda Felbab-Brown of Brookings wrote this week about the attack by Taleban on the important northern Afghani city of Kunduz:
- “Particularly detrimental and disheartening was the fact that many Afghan National Army (ANA) and Afghan National Police (ANP) units, led by weak or corrupt commanders, did not fight, and threw down their arms and ran away.”
Remember how destructive the fall of Mosul was to the morale of Iraq Government and its army? Compare that to:
- “The Taliban’s recent victory in Kunduz is both highly impactful and different from the previous military efforts and victories of the Taliban over the past several years. For the first time since 2001, the Taliban managed to conquer an entire province and for several days hold its capital. The psychological effect in Afghanistan has been tremendous. For a few days, it looked like the entire provinces of Badakshan, Takhar, and Baghlan would also fall. Many Afghans in those provinces started getting ready to leave or began moving south. If all these northern provinces fell, the chances were high, with whispers and blatant loud talk of political coups intensifying for a number of days, that the Afghan government might fall, and perhaps the entire political system collapse.”
Remember how the previous President Karzai was held out as the big problem in Afghanistan? Remember the optimism that greeted the new leader, Ashraf Ghani, a western-trained professional from the World Bank? How does Ms. Felbab-Brown describe the Ghani government now?
- “Equally imperative is that Afghan politicians put aside their self-interested scheming and rally behind the country to enable the government to function, or they will push Afghanistan over the brink into paralysis, intensified insurgency, and outright civil war. In addition to restraining their political and monetary ambitions and their many powerplays in Kabul, they need to recognize that years of abusive, discriminatory, exclusionary governance; extensive corruption; and individual and ethnic patronage and nepotism were the crucial roots of the crisis in Kunduz and elsewhere. These have corroded the Afghan Army and permeate the Afghan Police and anti-Taliban militias“
Frankly, this sounds worse than Iraq and it probably is. At least Iraq has had some tradition of governance for decades. Afghanistan has had none. The only reason Afghans were able to take Kunduz back was the intervention of the US air force & US military advisors. But for the 9,800 US troops in Afghanistan, Kunduz would have been irretrievably lost to the Taleban. But how much does this residual force buy us?
- “Maintaining support at something close to the current level of effort does not guarantee military or political success or that peace negotiations with the Taliban will eventually produce any satisfactory peace. But it buys us time.”
Buy us time? After 14 years in Afghanistan, we still need to buy time? What is Afghanistan, the “Anchor Baby” of US Foreign Policy?
Look at the map below of recent Taleban attacks in Afghanistan & weep. Because what you see below is happening despite the presence of 9,800 US troops.
Given this reality, why is “buy time” today’s overriding objective? To dump this problem into the lap of the next administration?
Everyone has known that the real war in Afghanistan is with the aims of NonPakistan. The Taleban have been created, nurtured & supported by the NonPak military and managed through ISI, their intelligence arm. There were only two choices available to the Obama Administration during its entire tenure:
- Either take the war into the Pushtun areas occupied by NonPakistan to finish off the Taleban,
- Or simply allow the NonPak intelligence/military/diplomatic establishment to run the Afghan government.
President Obama dedicated his presidency to close down the wars in Iraq & Afghanistan. So the first option above was anathema to him. And the second option was optically intolerable because a key US goal has been to build a representative government via elections. And the only people who could get elected are committed anti-NPak guys.
What you see today is the result – utter complete limbo in which the ground is slipping from under the feet of the Obama Administration. They simply cannot afford the optics of a Taleban takeover and the fall of the Ghani government. And the optics of sending thousands of additional troops to Afghanistan are almost as terrible. That leaves only one way out – somehow putting pressure on the Taleban to limit their attacks inside Afghanistan to an optically acceptable level. But America has no leverage in dealing with the Taleban. Who does? The wonderful regime that calls itself the land of the spiritually pure, Pak-i-Stan.
But why should NonPak bail out the Obama Administration? They feel they have been treated as trash by President Obama with his bonhomie with Prime Minister Modi of India. And the Obama Administration will be gone in a year any way. So why should they bail out the Obama Administration unless they can get something critical, something they have dreamt about for the past eight years?
Lo & behold what happened this week. David Ignatius, the whisperer of the Department of Defense, wrote the following in his article in the Washington Post:
- “The White House is also exploring what could be a diplomatic blockbuster: possible new limits and controls on Pakistan’s nuclear weapons and delivery systems. Such an accord might eventually open a path toward a Pakistani version of the civil nuclear deal that was launched with India in 2005.”
- “A source familiar with the talks said Pakistan has been asked to consider what are described as “brackets.” Pakistan would agree to restrict its nuclear program to weapons and delivery systems that are appropriate to its actual defense needs against India’s nuclear threat. Pakistan might agree not to deploy missiles capable of reaching beyond a certain range, for example.”
- “In return for such an agreement, the source said, the United States might support an eventual waiver for Pakistan by the 48-nation Nuclear Suppliers Group, of which the United States is a member.”
This is a gift because NonPak has realized from day one that the only way the world powers would allow it to keep its nuclear program is if it promises to destroy only India. So restricting its weapons to destroying India, or merely promising to restrict its nuclear weapons to attack India, is no restriction at all. And for what is already their policy, they get the gift of a nuclear deal with America? On top of that, they get to maintain their control of the Taleban and dominate Afghanistan after America leaves?
This is not just manna from heaven, it is the gift of heaven itself to the NonPak military & ISI. And the Obama Administration gets to trumpet this “gift” as fulfilling its non-proliferation mission – first by denying Iran the capability to make nuclear weapons and second by restricting NonPak to the destruction of India only.
But what about India & the new US-India strategic partnership? That is for the Indo-Pacific theater against China. That has nothing to do with NonPak & Afghanistan. After all, India is only a dream for the future, a call option in case India actually becomes a large economy some day. But NonPakistan is reality, today’s critically important reality. You can’t jettison today’s reality for tomorrow’s dreams.
And where can India go anyway? Russia is now a friend & ally of China. So Russia will not really help India against China. Therefore, as Secretary of State Hillary Clinton argued in the Obama first term, India has nowhere to go except come to America for help. And Prime Minister Modi’s goal of economic growth in India will keep him tied to America’s apron strings.
The wonderful & long relationship between America & NonPakistan and the continuing Indian naivete about it are encapsulated in the tweet-exchange below:
- Assertion – Brahma Chellaney @Chellaney – Zakaria: “Pakistan has mastered the art of pretending to help the US while actually supporting its most deadly foes” https://goo.gl/3BNpF8
- Response – David B. Cohen @DavidBCohen1 – And the US has mastered the art of pretending not to notice.
Send your feedback to [email protected] Or @MacroViewpoints on Twitter